Root Canal Treatment or Therapy involves removing the decay and the infected pulp tissue. Then the infected pulpal chamber and/ or canals are cleaned, disinfected, and medicated. The final step is to restore with either a filling or a crown.
Root Canal Treatment is required when the decay is very deep and has entered into the pulpal chamber or the nerve, the tooth has irreversible pulpitis, or the tooth is infected.
There is two types of root canal treatment:
- Pulpotomy: the baby tooth has no pain and is asymptomatic. The tooth usually has a large decay that is into the pulp. Only the coronal part or top half of the nerve is removed and is treated.
- Pulpectomy: the baby tooth is symptomatic with pain. The tooth has very large decay with no to minimal infection.